Microbiology 4th Year, 1st Semester Courses
MCB411: Industrial Microbiology
(3 credit units)Nature of industrial microbiology and microorganisms of industrial importance, Aspects of the biology of moulds, yeasts, bacteria and actinomycetes Fermentation technology Culture techniques and maintenance of selected cultures Mutation, strain selection and development, hybridization and media formulation and economics, Optimization of fermentation media at laboratory scale; fermenter design operation Antifoams Aspects of biochemical engineering Patents and patent laws.
MCB421: Environmental Microbiology
(2 credit units)Air micro flora, techniques in microbiological analysis of air, control of microorganisms in air, air pollutants and their effect on environment, aquatic microbiology, distribution of microorganisms in an aquatic environment, the role and importance of aquatic microbial ecosystems, techniques for the study of aquatic microorganisms, microbiology of domestic water and sewage, water purification, determination of sanitary quality of domestic water, water borne diseases, international standards for water used in drinking, cooking and bathing, sewage and its characteristics, sewage treatment and disposal, microorganisms and sewage treatment procedures.
MCB431: Industrial Microbiology
(2 credit units)Application of microbiology in the fermentation industry, microorganisms of industrial importance and their characteristics, factors involved in choosing a raw material as an industrial medium, yeast biomass production at industrial level, technology of fermented alcoholic beverages: beer production process, wine production, production process of spirits, microbial lactic acid production, burukutu and pito production, spoilage of these products by microorganisms. Methods of cultivating microorganisms: continuous and batch methods, their advantages and disadvantages, patents and patent laws, practical�s will include visits to various microbiologically based industries.
MCB441: Pharmaceutical Microbiology
(2 credit units)Scope of pharmacology, laws regulating the production and sale of drugs, various Sources of drugs and importance of microorganisms, microorganisms in drug spoilage, Microbiological standards in a pharmaceutical industry, antibiotics production from molds and bacteria, synthetic and semi-synthetic drugs, action of antimicrobial agents, antibiotic synergism and antagonism, action of antifungal agents and disinfectants, testing the efficiency of disinfectants, sensitivity and resistance to antibiotics by microorganisms, production of vitamins and amino acids by microorganisms, dug tolerance, abuse and addiction.
MCB451: Pathogenic Mycology
(2 credit units)General classification of fungi, Morphological and physiological characteristics of dermatophytes and fungi causing sub-cutaneous and deep mycosis, Clinical features and epidemiology of mycotic infections, Pathogenic actinomycetes, Identification of common laboratory contaminants, Collection, isolation and identification of pathogenic fungi.
BIO431: Seminar and Scientific Writing
(1 credit units)Supervised seminar on selected topics in microbiology based on review of literature.
(2 credit units)Principles of parasitism, Parasite-I lost relationship, parasitic adaptations, epidemiology, and socioeconomic impact of some common tropical parasitic diseases. Brief history of Parasitology, Parasites defined, Evolution of parasites. Parasitic life; advantages and problems, Attachment and maintenance in the host, Reproduction and transmission, The distribution, life cycle, epidemiology, pathogenesis treatment and control of protozoan and helminthes parasites.
BIO441: Field Course II
(2 credit units)Current concepts in evolution, geologic eras, periods and epochs, natural selection, variations, isolation mechanisms, adaptation, Origin of life, Origin of species and adaptive radiation, Evolution of selected groups of plants and animals, evolution of man.
CHM451: Applied Spectroscopy
(2 credit units)Quantum theory of rotation and vibration; Principles and applications of Microwave, IR, Raman, UV- visible, Mass and NMR spectroscopy to the determination and elucidation of structures of organic compounds; General introduction to electron spin resonance; Mossbauer effect; Nuclear quadruple resonance and other modern techniques.
MCB461: Bacterial Diversity
(2 credit units)The morphology, life cycle and biochemical characteristics of bacterial; systematic study of bacteria and other prokaryotes; their nature, characteristics, identification and isolation, the genetic code, construction of genetic maps, replication and mutation of genetic material, transformation, conjugation and transduction, plasmids.
MCB471: Medical Microbiology
(2 credit units)Principles of infection, immunity, etiology, epidemiology, serology, pathogenic Mechanisms, clinical symptoms, laboratory diagnosis, human disease caused by viruses, bacteria, protozoa and fungi.
MCB481: Aquatic Microbiology
(2 credit units)Types of water, the aquatic Environment, Microbiological analysis of water, water (purification) aquatic Ecosystem, water pollution, waste water and waste water treatment.
MCB491: Microbial Bioremediation
(2 credit units)Definition, microbial leaching of ores, the leading process, metal recovery, leaching of uranium and gold, mercury and heavy metal transformations, mercuric resistance, petroleum biodegradation, hydrocarbon decomposition, petroleum production, biodegradation of xenobiotics and pesticides, biodegradation of synthetic polymers and biodegradable plastics, Principles of microbial deterioration of materials, Factors favoring deterioration of materials.