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Basic Science for Primary 1 (Scheme, Topics & Questions)

Hello, young scientists of Primary 1! Are you ready to embark on an exciting journey into the world of wonders and discoveries? Get ready to put on your thinking caps and magnifying glasses because we’re about to dive into the fascinating realm of Basic Science for primary 1! We’ll explore the entire scheme of work, topics and give you exciting questions to test your understanding.

basic science for primary 1

Why Basic Science?

Science is like magic, but better! It helps us understand the incredible world around us. Have you ever wondered why the sky is blue or how plants grow? Basic Science is here to answer all those curious questions and more! It’s like having a superpower that lets you explore, experiment and uncover the mysteries of the universe.

What is Basic Science?

Basic Science is like detective work for curious minds. It’s all about asking questions, observing things and finding out how everything works. From tiny ants to massive mountains, everything has a story to tell, and Basic Science helps us listen to those stories.

Basic Science for Primary 1

In Basic Science for Primary 1, we are going to explore three main themes: Materials, Our Environment and Living Things. Each theme is like a treasure chest filled with exciting discoveries waiting to be found. As a result, the three main themes are broken into smaller topics spread across first, second and third terms.

First Term Topics in Basic Science for Primary 1

1. Observation and Identification of Things in and Around the Classroom

Observation and identification are like exploring a magical world in our classroom! We use our senses to see, hear, touch, and smell things around us. Look closely at the shapes, colors, and sizes of objects. Can you find a round clock or a rectangular book? Pay attention to the sounds too, like the ticking of the clock or the teacher’s voice.

2. Observation and Identification of Things in and Around the School

Observation and identification help us discover fascinating things in and around our school! We use our senses to see, hear, touch, and smell the world. Look closely at the shapes, colors, and sizes of objects. Can you find a tall flagpole or a square window? Pay attention to the sounds too, like laughter in the hallways or the bell ringing.

3. Observation and Identification of Things in and Around the Home

Observation and identification turn our home into a wonderland! We use our senses to see, hear, touch, and smell everything around us. Look closely at the shapes, colors, and sizes of objects. Can you find a cozy, rectangular sofa or a circular dinner table? Pay attention to the sounds too, like the hum of appliances or the laughter of family members.

4. Types of Roads Within and Outside the School

Let’s explore the different types of roads that surround our school! There are various paths both inside and outside the school grounds. Some roads are wide and paved, perfect for buses and cars. Others may be narrow walkways where students and teachers stroll. Pay attention to the signs that guide us, like pedestrian crossings and stop signs.

5. Safety Along the Road and Across the Road

Let’s talk about staying safe on and around roads! Whether walking, biking, or crossing, it’s essential to be cautious. Always use crosswalks and wait for the traffic signal before crossing. Look left and right to make sure it’s safe. If riding a bike, wear a helmet and follow traffic rules. Being aware of our surroundings helps us stay safe and enjoy our journeys. Let’s make sure we practice road safety every day!

6. Soil as Part of Our Surroundings and the Meaning of Soil

Let’s explore the importance of soil in our environment! Soil is the ground beneath our feet, made up of tiny particles, rocks and organic matter. It’s where plants grow and it provides a home for many living things. By understanding the significance of soil, we learn how it supports life and contributes to the beauty of our surroundings. Let’s dig into the world of soil and discover its essential role in our environment!

7. Types of Soil

Dive into the diverse world beneath our feet as we explore different types of soil! Soil comes in various forms, such as sandy, clayey, and loamy. Sandy soil feels gritty, clayey soil is smooth and sticky, while loamy soil is a perfect mix of both. Each type has its unique qualities, affecting how well it holds water and supports plant life. Understanding these soil types helps us care for plants and appreciate the variety beneath the surface. Let’s uncover the secrets of sandy, clayey and loamy soils!

8. Importance of Soil

Discover why soil is a vital part of our world! Soil plays a crucial role in supporting plant growth by providing nutrients and a stable foundation. It also acts as a natural filter, cleaning water as it passes through. Soil is a home for many living organisms, from tiny bacteria to insects and worms. Understanding the importance of soil helps us appreciate its role in agriculture, ecosystems and maintaining a healthy environment. Let’s recognize the value of soil in sustaining life and the beauty of our planet!

Read Also: Basic Science for Primary 2 (Scheme, Topics, Notes, Projects & Exam Questions)

Second Term Topics in Basic Science for Primary 1

1. Air: Existence, and Importance

Let’s explore the invisible but essential element that surrounds us – air! Air is the mixture of gases we breathe, primarily composed of nitrogen, oxygen, and traces of other elements. It exists everywhere, filling the space around us. The importance of air is undeniable, as oxygen from the air is crucial for the survival of all living things. We also rely on air for weather patterns, and plants use carbon dioxide from the air during photosynthesis. Understanding the existence and importance of air helps us appreciate its role in sustaining life on Earth. Let’s breathe in the knowledge of this vital component of our environment!

2. Air: Showing How the Air occupies spaces

Let’s unravel the mystery of how air occupies spaces! Even though we can’t see it, air is all around us, filling the space in our environment. When we blow up a balloon or feel the wind on our faces, we witness how air takes up room. It exerts pressure, and that’s why balloons expand when filled with air. Understanding how air occupies spaces helps us comprehend the concept of atmosphere and the importance of this invisible but powerful force. Let’s embark on a journey to discover the fascinating ways in which air interacts with the world.

3. Meaning and Sources of Water

Let’s delve into the significance and sources of water! Water is a vital liquid that sustains life on Earth. It can be found in various forms, including rivers, lakes, oceans and even underground as groundwater. Rainfall and melting snow are natural sources of water, replenishing our water supply. Understanding the meaning and sources of water is crucial, as it plays a fundamental role in supporting ecosystems, agriculture and our daily lives. Let’s explore the wonderful world of water and appreciate its importance in shaping our planet!

4. Uses and Importance of Water

Discover the countless ways water is essential in our lives! Water is crucial for our survival, and we use it for various purposes. From drinking and cooking to bathing and washing, water is a fundamental part of our daily routines. In agriculture, water helps crops grow, and industries use it in manufacturing processes. Beyond our immediate needs, water supports ecosystems, providing habitats for plants and animals. Recognizing the uses and importance of water helps us appreciate its role in sustaining life and maintaining a healthy planet. Let’s cherish the invaluable resource of water and use it wisely!

5. Introduction to Living Things

Embark on a journey into the fascinating world of living things! Living things are organisms that can grow, reproduce and respond to their environment. They come in various shapes and sizes, from tiny bacteria to towering trees and majestic animals. What sets them apart is their ability to carry out life processes, such as breathing, eating and moving. Exploring living things allows us to marvel at the diversity of life on Earth and understand the interconnected web of living organisms. Let’s dive into this exciting introduction to the wonders of living things!

Third Term Topics in Basic Science for Primary 1

1. Characteristics of Living Things

Discover the key features that make living things unique! Living organisms share certain characteristics that set them apart from non-living things. They can grow and develop, responding to their surroundings. Living things also reproduce to create new generations, ensuring the continuation of their species. Metabolism, the process of obtaining and using energy, is another vital characteristic. Moreover, living things can adapt to their environment over time. Understanding these characteristics helps us recognize and appreciate the vibrant and dynamic nature of living organisms. Let’s unravel the defining traits that make living things truly extraordinary!

2. Living Things in the Classroom, School and Home

Explore the lively world of living things in the places we spend our days! In the classroom, we may find plants on the windowsill and maybe a class pet. In the school, trees and grass outside are home to birds and insects. At home, pets, houseplants, and even the buzzing bees in the garden are all part of the living things around us. Understanding the presence of living things in these environments helps us appreciate the interconnectedness of life in different settings. Let’s take a closer look at the living wonders in our classrooms, schools, and homes!

3. Non-living Things

Let’s explore the world of non-living things—objects and substances that do not possess the characteristics of living organisms. Unlike living things, non-living things don’t grow, reproduce, or respond to their environment. Examples include rocks, water, books, and toys. While they lack the complexity of living organisms, non-living things play essential roles in our lives, providing structure, support, and the materials for various activities. Understanding the distinction between living and non-living things helps us appreciate the diverse components that make up our surroundings. Let’s delve into the realm of non-living things and discover their significance in our daily experiences!

4. Characteristics of Non-Living Things

Delve into the unique features that define non-living things in our surroundings! Unlike living organisms, non-living things lack essential characteristics such as growth, reproduction and response to the environment. These objects and substances may have physical properties, like size, shape and color, but they don’t undergo the same life processes as living things. Non-living things include items such as rocks, water and machines. Understanding the distinct characteristics of non-living things helps us recognize the diverse elements that contribute to the complexity of our environment. Let’s unravel the intriguing traits that set non-living things apart in our world.

5. Non-living Things in the Classroom, School and Home

Explore the presence of non-living things in the places we learn, grow, and live! In the classroom, you’ll find desks, chairs and whiteboards—all non-living objects that create a learning environment. In the school, the building itself, along with playground equipment and school supplies, are non-living components. At home, furniture, appliances and various household items are also non-living things that make our living spaces functional. Understanding the role of non-living things in these settings helps us see how they contribute to our daily activities and surroundings. Let’s take a closer look at the non-living elements in our classrooms, schools and homes.

Project Activities in Basic Science for Primary 1

You can also engage your primary 1 pupils in project activities to make learning Basic Science more fun and practical. Here are some project ideas derived from the Basic Science for Primary 1 Curriculum:

1. Seed Germination Project:

Objective: Learn about the life cycle of a plant.
Activity: Plant seeds in small pots and observe their growth over a few weeks. Document the changes in a journal, noting factors like sunlight, water, and soil.

2. Colorful Nature Collage:

Objective: Identify and appreciate colors in nature.
Activity: Take a nature walk to collect leaves, flowers, and other items of various colors. Create a colorful collage by arranging and gluing these items onto a poster board.

3. Observation of Day and Night Sky:

Objective: Learn about day and night.
Activity: Observe the sky during the day and night. Discuss the changes, including the appearance of the sun, moon, and stars. Pupils can draw what they see and share their observations.

4. Water Cycle in a Bag:

Objective: Understand the water cycle.
Activity: Create a water cycle in a plastic bag. Add water, seal the bag, and place it in a sunny window. Observe as water evaporates, condenses and precipitates, mimicking the stages of the water cycle.

5. Sound Hunt:

Objective: Identify sources of sound.
Activity: Go on a sound hunt around the school. Pupils can record different sounds they hear and discuss the sources of each sound. This activity enhances their awareness of their surroundings.

6. Five Senses Exploration:

Objective: Understand the five senses.
Activity: Set up exploration stations for each sense. Pupils can touch, smell, taste, see and listen to different items and describe their experiences. Discuss the importance of each sense in daily life.

The teacher can always adapt these projects based on the resources available to the pupils and the specific learning objectives they have in mind.

Basic Science for Primary 1 Questions (Theory)

Attempt the following questions:

  1. What is a living thing? Give an example.
  2. Can you name something that is non-living?
  3. Point to your nose, What is its function?
  4. Where are your eyes located?
  5. What is a home for a fish called?
  6. Where does a bird usually build its nest?
  7. What do plants need to grow?
  8. Name a part of a plant that we eat.
  9. Point to something red in the classroom.
  10. Name two colors you see in the school garden.
  11. What do we use when it’s raining?
  12. What do we wear when it’s hot?
  13. Name three things made of wood in the classroom.
  14. What is your school bag made of?
  15. Find something in the classroom that is a circle.
  16. Point to something that is a square.
  17. Count from 1 to 10.
  18. What comes after the number 3?
  19. Can you say the days of the week in order?

Basic Science Questions for Primary 1 (Objectives)

Here are more objective questions to use in your Basic Science for primary 1 examinations and tests:

1. Is the sun living or non-living?
A. Living
B. Non-living

2. What part of your body do you use to see?
A. Ears
B. Eyes
C. Nose

3. Where does a bird build its nest?
A. Underwater
B. In a tree
C. In the sand

4. What do plants need to make their own food?
A. Water and sunlight
B. Air and toys
C. Milk and cookies

5. Which of the following is a blue color?
A. Banana
B. Apple
C. Sky

6. What do we use when it’s sunny?
A. Umbrella
B. Sunglasses
C. Raincoat

7. What is your school bag usually made of?
A. Paper
B. Wood
C. Fabric

8. Which of the following is a triangle shape?
A. Circle
B. Square
C. Triangle

9. How many legs does a cat have?
A. 2
B. 4
C. 6

10. What comes after Thursday?
A. Friday
B. Saturday
C. Sunday

11. What part of a plant do we eat?
A. Roots
B. Leaves
C. Fruits

12. Which season comes after winter?
A. Spring
B. Summer
C. Autumn

13. What sound does a cat make?
A. Bark
B. Meow
C. Quack

14. What is the opposite of hot?
A. Cold
B. Big
C. Fast

15. What do we use to know the time?
A. Clock
B. Mirror
C. Compass

16. Which of the following is a rectangular shape?
A. Circle
B. Square
C. Rectangle

17. How many fingers do you have on one hand?
A. 3
B. 5
C. 8

18. What do we wear when it’s snowing?
A. Swimsuit
B. Winter coat
C. T-shirt

19. What do we use to travel on water?
A. Car
B. Boat
C. Bicycle

20. What comes before Wednesday?
A. Monday
B. Tuesday
C. Thursday

Basic Science Textbooks for Primary 1

Here is a list of the best textbooks covering the curriculum of Basic Science for Primary 1:

  1. Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools 1 by U.M.O. Ivowi, E.O. Adeniyi, David Omole, Emma Ayodele, T.C. Ogbuanya, I.T. Landu.
  2. NEW Smart Basic Science and Technology Primary 1 by Cambridge University Press.
  3. Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools 1 by Evans Brothers Nigeria Publishers Ltd.
  4. Active Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools 1 by University Press PLC (UPPLC).

Concluding Basic Science for Primary 1

In this post, we set out to explore the topic: “Basic Science for Primary 1”. And we did justice to it covering the themes, scheme of work, topics, project activities and questions for examination. We also gave brief description of each of the topics with hope that it’d help you to appreciate them better.

If need more theory and objective questions to use in your Basic Science for Primary 1 Continuous Assessment and examinations, let us know in the comments section. More so, you can request for lesson note on basic science for primary 1. We will be glad to assist you.

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Read Also: Junior WAEC Questions and Answers Basic Science

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About Henry Divine

Henry Divine is a passionate educator and seasoned blogger with a strong commitment to providing valuable insights and resources to the education community. With over 6 years of experience in the field, Henry's articles are well-researched, authoritative, and tailored to meet the needs of teachers, students, and parents alike. Through his blog, Henry aims to empower readers with practical tips, innovative strategies, and evidence-based practices to foster lifelong learning and academic success. Follow Henry for the latest updates and expert advice on all things education.

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