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Basic Science for Primary 2 (Scheme, Topics & Questions)

Hello, young scientists of Primary 2! Are you ready to embark on an exciting journey into the world of wonders and discoveries? Get ready to put on your thinking caps and magnifying glasses because we’re about to dive into the fascinating realm of Basic Science for Primary 2! We’ll explore the entire scheme of work, topics and give you exciting questions to test your understanding.

basic science for primary 2

Why Basic Science?

Science is like magic, but better! It helps us understand the incredible world around us. Have you ever wondered why the sky is blue or how plants grow? Basic Science is here to answer all those curious questions and more! It’s like having a superpower that lets you explore, experiment and uncover the mysteries of the universe.

What is Basic Science?

Basic Science is like detective work for curious minds. It’s all about asking questions, observing things and finding out how everything works. From tiny ants to massive mountains, everything has a story to tell, and Basic Science helps us listen to those stories.

Basic Science for Primary 2

In Basic Science for Primary 2, we are going to explore five main themes:

  1. Living and Non-Living Things
  2. Materials and Their Properties
  3. Weather and Seasons
  4. Forces and Motion
  5. Basic Plant Science

Each theme is like a treasure chest filled with exciting discoveries waiting to be found. As a result, the five main themes are broken into smaller topics spread across first, second and third terms.

First Term Topics in Basic Science for Primary 2

1. The Senses

In Primary 2 Basic Science, we delve into the fascinating realm of the senses. We discover the incredible ways our bodies perceive the world around us through sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell. From the vibrant colors we see to the delightful tastes we experience, understanding our senses adds a new layer of appreciation to our daily adventures. Get ready to explore the wonders of how we sense and make sense of the world!

2. Sense Organ I: Sense of sight (eyes)

Let’s dive into the incredible sense of sight! Our eyes act as magical windows, allowing us to witness the beauty and wonders of the world. We explore the different parts of the eye, like the cornea and retina, understanding how they collaborate to create clear vision. This journey into the sense of sight involves discovering colors, shapes, and the significance of light. From observing the vibrant colors of nature to immersing ourselves in exciting stories, our eyes play a vital role in making our world rich with discovery. Get ready to open your eyes wide and explore the enchanting world of sight!

3. Sense Organ II: Sense of hearing (ears)

Let’s unravel the fascinating world of the sense of hearing! Our ears act as marvelous receptors, allowing us to tune into the symphony of sounds around us. In Primary 2 Basic Science, we explore the anatomy of the ear, from the outer ear that captures sounds to the inner ear where they are interpreted. Understanding how our ears work enhances our appreciation for the diverse sounds in our environment, from the melodious tunes of music to the rustling of leaves. Get ready to embark on a sonic adventure, discovering the magic our ears bring to the rich tapestry of everyday life!

4. Sense Organ III: Sense of touching and feeling (skin)

Let’s delve into the intriguing sense of touching and feeling! Our skin serves as a remarkable gateway to exploring the world around us. In this exploration, we discover the various sensations our skin can detect, from the gentle breeze on a sunny day to the softness of a cozy blanket. In Primary 2 Basic Science, we learn about the different types of touch receptors in our skin and how they send messages to our brain, allowing us to experience the textures and temperatures of objects. Get ready to uncover the wonders of tactile exploration and appreciate the incredible role our skin plays in connecting us to the diverse textures of our surroundings!

5. Sense Organ IV: Sense of taste (tongue)

Embark on a journey into the delightful realm of taste! Our tongues act as incredible taste detectives, allowing us to explore a diverse palette of flavors that make eating an exciting experience. In this exploration, we uncover the different taste buds on our tongues and how they help us distinguish between sweet, salty, sour, and bitter tastes. From enjoying the sweetness of fruits to experiencing the tanginess of lemons, our sense of taste adds a flavorful dimension to our daily adventures. Get ready to embark on a taste-filled exploration and discover the mouthwatering wonders our tongues bring to the table!

6. Sense Organ V: Sense of smell (nose)

Let’s dive into the captivating world of the sense of smell! Our noses act as extraordinary detectors, guiding us through a myriad of aromas that enhance our experiences. In this sensory journey, we explore how our noses can distinguish various scents, from the sweet fragrance of flowers to the comforting aroma of baked goods. Understanding the sense of smell in Primary 2 Basic Science involves discovering the olfactory receptors in our noses and how they contribute to our ability to identify different smells. Get ready to navigate the delightful world of aromas and uncover the fascinating role our noses play in the rich tapestry of our surroundings!

7. Colour

Let’s immerse ourselves in the vibrant world of color! In Primary 2 Basic Science, we explore the rainbow of hues that surrounds us, from the deep blues of the sky to the warm yellows of the sun. Understanding colors involves discovering primary colors and how they mix to create new shades. We also learn about the significance of color in our daily lives, from identifying objects to expressing emotions. Get ready to paint your imagination with the diverse colors that make our world beautifully bright and lively!

Read Also: Basic Science for Primary 2 (Scheme, Topics, Notes, Projects & Exam Questions)

Second Term Topics in Basic Science for Primary 2

1. Plants

In our exploration of plants, we venture into the fascinating realm of nature’s green wonders. Primary 2 Basic Science introduces us to the life cycle of plants, from tiny seeds sprouting into seedlings to the growth of magnificent trees. We discover the parts of a plant—roots anchoring in the soil, stems providing support, and leaves absorbing sunlight for photosynthesis. Understanding plants includes exploring their diverse forms, from delicate flowers to towering trees, and recognizing their vital role in providing oxygen for us to breathe. Get ready to cultivate your knowledge about plants and appreciate the extraordinary contribution they make to our environment!

2. Features of Plants

Dive into the intricate features of plants, revealing the unique design that characterizes these living wonders. In Primary 2 Basic Science, we explore the various parts of plants, from roots that anchor them in the soil to leaves that harness sunlight for energy. Understanding the features of plants includes recognizing the diverse shapes, sizes, and functions of flowers, stems, and leaves. We learn how plants play a crucial role in the environment, contributing to the beauty and balance of nature. Get ready to unveil the intricate features of plants and appreciate the remarkable diversity found in the green world around us!

3. Common uses of Plants

Embark on a journey to discover the myriad ways plants contribute to our daily lives. In Primary 2 Basic Science, we explore the common uses of plants, recognizing them as nature’s invaluable gifts. From providing us with food, like fruits and vegetables, to offering materials for clothing and shelter, plants play a vital role in meeting our basic needs. We also delve into the importance of plants in purifying the air and adding beauty to our surroundings. Get ready to appreciate the diverse and essential roles that plants play in enhancing the quality of our lives!

4. Animals

In our journey through Primary 2 Basic Science, we embark on an exploration of the fascinating world of animals. From tiny insects to magnificent mammals, we discover the incredible diversity of living creatures. Understanding animals involves exploring their habitats, behaviors, and unique features. We learn how animals adapt to their environments, whether soaring through the skies or thriving in the depths of the oceans. Get ready to unravel the mysteries of the animal kingdom and appreciate the rich tapestry of life that these remarkable beings contribute to our planet!

5. Health and Safety

In Primary 2 Basic Science, we prioritize the essential topics of health and safety. We delve into the importance of maintaining well-being by exploring healthy habits, including proper nutrition, regular exercise, and sufficient rest. Understanding safety involves recognizing potential hazards in our environment and learning how to protect ourselves. From the importance of handwashing to basic first aid knowledge, we equip ourselves with the tools to foster a healthy and safe lifestyle. Get ready to nurture well-being and empower ourselves with the knowledge to stay safe and sound!

Third Term Topics in Basic Science for Primary 2

1. Soil

Embark on a journey beneath the surface as we explore the fundamental topic of soil in Primary 2 Basic Science. Soil, the foundation of Earth’s living canvas, becomes the focus of our exploration. We delve into the diverse composition of soil, from tiny particles to organic matter, understanding its significance in supporting plant life. We learn about the different types of soil and their unique characteristics, recognizing the role soil plays in sustaining ecosystems. Get ready to dig deep into the earthy wonders of soil and appreciate its crucial role in shaping the environment around us!

2. Air

We turn our attention to the invisible yet essential element—air. We explore the properties and presence of air in our environment, understanding that it is a mixture of gases vital for life. From feeling the breeze on our faces to understanding how air supports combustion, we unravel the mysteries of this unseen force. Get ready to breathe in knowledge about air and appreciate its crucial role in shaping weather patterns, supporting life, and making our planet a breathable space for all living things!

3. Air Flotation

Here, we explore the fascinating concept of air flotation. This topic takes us into the realm of buoyancy, where the power of air plays a key role. We learn how objects can float or sink in water due to the buoyant force created by air. Through engaging experiments and observations, we uncover the principles of air flotation and its practical applications. Get ready to be lifted by the wonders of buoyancy as we navigate the captivating world of objects interacting with air and water!

4. Air (as a mean of transmission)

Here, we explore the dynamic role of air as a means of transmission. From the gentle rustle of leaves to the transmission of sound, we discover how air carries vibrations, allowing us to hear and communicate. We delve into the fascinating world of sound waves traveling through the air, unlocking the secrets of this invisible transmission medium. Get ready to ride the waves of communication as we uncover the vital role air plays in transmitting sounds and connecting us to the auditory marvels of our surroundings!

5. Water Flotation

We explore the concept of buoyancy, discovering how objects can either float or sink in water. Through hands-on experiments, we unravel the principles that govern buoyancy and how they relate to objects interacting with water. Whether it’s a leaf gracefully floating on the surface or a stone sinking to the bottom, understanding water flotation adds depth to our knowledge of how materials interact with this essential liquid. Get ready to explore the mysteries beneath the surface and appreciate the buoyant forces that shape our aquatic experiences!

6. Clay

Here, we dive into the world of clay—an extraordinary material that has been used by humans for countless creative endeavors. From crafting small figurines to shaping pottery, we explore the versatile nature of clay. Understanding its properties and the art of molding, we discover how this natural resource has played a significant role in human history and artistic expression. Get ready to get your hands dirty as we delve into the fascinating world of clay, unlocking its potential for creativity and craftsmanship!

Project Activities in Basic Science for Primary 2

You can also engage your Primary 2 pupils in project activities to make learning Basic Science more fun and practical. Here are some project ideas derived from the Basic Science for Primary 2 Curriculum:

1. Seed Germination Project:

Objective: Learn about the life cycle of a plant.
Activity: Plant seeds in small pots and observe their growth over a few weeks. Document the changes in a journal, noting factors like sunlight, water, and soil.

2. Healthy Eating Collage:

Objective: Learn about nutritious food choices.
Activity: Create a collage using pictures of various foods. Categorize them into healthy and less healthy choices. Discuss the importance of a balanced diet for maintaining good health.

3. Sound Experiment:

Objective: Understand how sound travels.
Activity: Conduct simple experiments to demonstrate how sound travels through different materials. Explore how distance and obstacles affect the transmission of sound.

4. Sensory Exploration Box:

Objective: Investigate the five senses.
Activity: Create sensory exploration boxes for each sense. Include items for sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell. Students can take turns exploring and describing the sensations.

5. Growing Seeds in Different Soils:

Objective: Explore the influence of soil on plant growth.
Activity: Plant seeds in various types of soil (sand, clay, potting mix) and observe their growth over several weeks. Discuss how different soils impact plant development.

6. Floating and Sinking Experiment:

Objective: Explore buoyancy.
Activity: Collect various objects and predict whether they will float or sink. Conduct experiments in a water container and discuss the concepts of buoyancy and density.

The teacher can always adapt these projects based on the resources available to the pupils and the specific learning objectives they have in mind.

Basic Science for Primary 2 Questions (Theory)

Attempt the following questions:

  1. Classify the following items into living and non-living things: cat, bicycle, tree, water.
  2. Label the parts of a plant in the diagram: roots, stem, leaves.
  3. Name three characteristics that all animals share.
  4. Describe the weather conditions you would expect on a sunny day.
  5. Explain what makes an object float in water.
  6. List three things you can see, hear, and touch in your classroom.
  7. Name three types of food that are good for your health.
  8. How does sound travel? Provide an example.
  9. Why is it important to recycle materials instead of throwing them away?
  10. Explain why we need to breathe air. What does air provide for our bodies?
  11. Draw and label the stages of a plant’s life cycle.
  12. Choose an animal and describe its habitat. Explain how the habitat meets the animal’s needs.
  13. Point to something red in your classroom. Name two other colors you can see.
  14. List three safety rules you should follow when crossing the road.
  15. Describe the water cycle in three simple steps.
  16. Count from 1 to 10.
  17. What are the primary colors?
  18. Name three objects that can produce light.
  19. Why do we need to wear warm clothes in cold weather?
  20. Name two types of weather you might experience in summer.

Basic Science Questions for Primary 2 (Objectives)

Here are more objective questions to use in your Basic Science for Primary 2 examinations and tests:

1. Which of the following is a living thing?
A. Rock
B. Tree
C. Chair
D. Water

2. What part of a plant helps in making food?
A. Roots
B. Leaves
C. Stem
D. Flower

3. How many legs does a typical insect have?
A. 2
B. 4
C. 6
D. 8

4. In which habitat would you find a fish?
A. Forest
B. Desert
C. Ocean
D. Mountain

5. What do our ears help us do?
A. Taste
B. Hear
C. See
D. Smell

7. Which sense do we use to see colors?
A. Taste
B. Sight
C. Touch
D. Smell

8. What makes a sound when struck?
A. Water
B. Air
C. Light
D. Wood

9. Which sense do we use to feel the texture of an object?
A. Taste
B. Sight
C. Touch
D. Smell

10. What is the color of the sun?
A. Blue
B. Yellow
C. Red
D. Green

11. Which of the following is a non-living thing?
A. Dog
B. Chair
C. Flower
D. Bird

12. How many seasons are there in a year?
A. 2
B. 3
C. 4
D. 5

13. What should you do before crossing the road?
A. Run across quickly
B. Look left and right
C. Close your eyes
D. Sing a song

14. Which sense do we use to smell a flower?
A. Taste
B. Sight
C. Touch
D. Smell

15. Which of the following is a primary color?
A. Brown
B. Green
C. Orange
D. Pink

16. What is the name for the tiny pieces of soil?
A. Rocks
B. Sand
C. Pebbles
D. Grains

17. How many fingers do you have on one hand?
A. 3
B. 5
C. 8
D. 10

18. What do we use to tell the time?
A. Calendar
B. Clock
C. Compass
D. Mirror

19. Which of the following is a sense organ for tasting?
A. Nose
B. Tongue
C. Ear
D. Eye

Basic Science Textbooks for Primary 2

Here is a list of the best textbooks covering the curriculum of Basic Science for Primary 2:

  1. Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools 2 by U.M.O. Ivowi, E.O. Adeniyi, David Omole, Emma Ayodele, T.C. Ogbuanya, I.T. Landu.
  2. NEW Smart Basic Science and Technology Primary 2 by Cambridge University Press.
  3. Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools 2 by Evans Brothers Nigeria Publishers Ltd.
  4. Active Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools 2 by University Press PLC (UPPLC).

Concluding Basic Science for Primary 2

In this post, we set out to explore the topic: “Basic Science for Primary 2”. And we did justice to it covering the themes, scheme of work, topics, project activities and questions for examination. We also gave brief description of each of the topics with hope that it’d help you to appreciate them better.

If need more theory and objective questions to use in your Basic Science for Primary 2 Continuous Assessment and examinations, let us know in the comments section. More so, you can request for lesson note on basic science for Primary 2. We will be glad to assist you.

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About Henry Divine

Henry Divine is a passionate educator and seasoned blogger with a strong commitment to providing valuable insights and resources to the education community. With over 6 years of experience in the field, Henry's articles are well-researched, authoritative, and tailored to meet the needs of teachers, students, and parents alike. Through his blog, Henry aims to empower readers with practical tips, innovative strategies, and evidence-based practices to foster lifelong learning and academic success. Follow Henry for the latest updates and expert advice on all things education.

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