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Economics JAMB Questions and Answers 2023 [Free Download]

This is for UTME Candidates looking for Economics JAMB Questions and Answers 2023. Especially for those aspiring for Economics, Bus Admin, and other social sciences and art courses requiring Economics. Here you will get genuine JAMB Economics questions and answers for 2023 set. Your duty now is to read through them as many times as possible and get ready to smash your own Economics paper.

Chemistry JAMB Questions and Answers 2023

What are Economics JAMB Questions and Answers 2023

Economics JAMB Questions and Answers 2023 are the past questions of Economics paper for 2023 UTME, together with their answers.

If you are a candidate preparing to sit for Economics in the forthcoming JAMB examination, it is very important that you revise with these past questions.

In so doing, you will know what the set before them saw in the JAMB CBT hall. That would give you an idea of what to expect in your own set because JAMB follows the same pattern in setting their questions. More so, revising these questions several times will boost your confidence and guarantee you a very high score.

Economics JAMB Questions and Answers 2023 for Your Revision

On this page, we shall show you the real Economics JAMB Questions and Answers taken by the 2023 candidates.

The correct answers to the questions are also provided alongside.

We are providing these past questions to ensure that you have sufficient materials available for your revision. JAMB is a very serious examination. And we understand the role adequate preparation plays for candidates who get very high score in JAMB.

Of course, you know that JAMB gives you 40 questions in Economics, to answer within 26 minutes. So it’s important that you prepare very well by reading the content of this page over and over.

In the following sections, you will read the 2023 JAMB Economics past questions and their answers. You can use the comments section if you still need clarification over some of the questions. We will give you a more detailed explanation.

Economics JAMB Questions and Answers 2023 [Numbers 1 – 10]

1. Inflation is likely to benefit
A. Debtors
B. Persons with back savings
C. Creditors
D. Persons who lived on fixed pension funds

2. Under the ECOWAS agreement, a Nigerian can enter and stay in Ghana without a Visa for a period of
A. 100 days        B. 30 days
C. 90 days          D. 14 days

3. The shape of a production frontiers is determined by
A. the increasing relative costs
B. returns to scale
C. diminishing returns to a fixed factor
D. increasing returns to a variable factor

4. A central argument of cardinal utility is
A. measurable            B. psychological
C. external factors      D. internal factors

5. If a total cost curve is plotted, marginal cost can be illustrated by the
A. slope of tangent to the curve at any given point
B. U-shaped curve cutting the total cost curve at its lowest point
C. straight line from the origin to the mid-point of the curve
D. straight line cutting the curve at its highest point

6. One of the reasons for an exception demand curve is the
A. expectation of future change in price
B. availability of credit facilities
C. change in price of commodity
D. availability of substitutes

7. Short-run period in production is a period too short for a firm to be able to change its
A. scale of production       B. total revenue
C. variable inputs              D. total outputs

8. Under a floating exchange rate regime, the determinant of the exchange rate is
A. an Act of National Assembly
B. the highest denomination of the currency
C. demand for and supply of foreign goods
D. the system of government

9. In order to increase revenue, the seller of a commodity whose demand is elastic is advised to
A. increase price         B. reduce output
C. reduce price           D. retain price

10. An institution that regulates trade relations among members is the
A. ADB       B. OPEC
C. EU          D. IMF

Answers to Economics Question Number 1 – 10

1.A   2.C   3.A   4.A   5.A
6.A   7.A   8.C   9.C   10.C

Economics JAMB Questions and Answers 2023 [Numbers 11 – 20]

11. A decision on input combination solves the economic problems of
A. how to produce        B. for whom to produce
C. when to produce      D. what to produce

12. If the short-run cost of a firm is U-shaped, the marginal and average costs are equal where the
A. average variable cost is minimum
B. marginal cost is falling
C. average cost is minimum
D. average fixed cost is falling

13. Correction in the GNP figures for price changes require the use of a
A. price deflator           B. price index
C. retail price index      D. producer price index

14. The gains from international trade are shared on the basis of the
A. quantity produced of each of the traded goods
B. cost of production of each of the traded goods
C. terms of trade
D. bilateral trade agreements

15. The labour force of a country best describes
A. the number of people in paid employment
B. the number of people receiving pension
C. people within the retirement age
D. people within the working age

16. The output approach to the measuring national income is based on the computation of
A. final output        B. factor cost
C. value added       D. profits earned

17. A high rent on land will affect the cost of producing maize
A. positively
B. negatively
C. at early stage of production
D. at the later stage of production

18. If the marginal utility of good X exceeds that of good Y, this implies that
A. a rational consumer will buy less of X
B. consuming more of X will increase total utility
C. Y is an inferior good
D. X will be cheaper than Y

19. The mean is the best measure of central tendency because it
A. is not affected by extreme values in a data
B. is a midpoint value in an array of data
C. is a balancing point in an observation
D. can be calculated from incomplete data

20. A central argument of cardinal utility is
A. measurable            B. psychological
C. external factors      D. internal factors

Answers to Economics Question Number 11 – 20

11.A   12.A   13.A   14.C   15.D
16.A   17.B   18.B   19.A    20.A

Economics JAMB Questions and Answers 2023 [Numbers 21 – 30]

21. The most reliable and acceptable index of economic growth is the
A. Wholesale Price Index
B. Consumer Price Index
C. National Income
D. Retailer’s Price Index

22. The quantity supplied of a commodity increases best when
A. Production increases
B. Demand increases
C. Price of the commodity increases
D. Population of the country increases

23. Production in Economics occurs when
A. a commodity or service is sold
B. utility is created or added
C. a commodity is manufactured
D. raw materials are produced or extracted from mines
E. all of these

24. Which of the following is NOT one of the balance of payment entries?
A. the current account
B. foreign exchange
C. Import and Export duties
D. Short-term capital

25. The most basic concern of economists is to
A. satisfy all human want
B. redistribute income so that it is used correctly
C. create perfect competition
D. study ways of allocating scarce resources in order to satisfy human wants

26. Which of the following is NOT include in measuring national income by the income approach?
A. Wages and salaries of public servant
B. student grants and scholarship
C. Profit of companies
D. income earned by self employed persons such as lawyers
E. Rents on property

27. An imperfectly competitive market is one where
A. a large number of firms sell homogenous products
B. input and output prices are unaffected
C. each firm faces a horizontal demand curve
D. each firm maximize profit by selecting an output level at
E. commodities are differentiated

28. A firm is at its optimum size when
A. it produce the greatest output at a minimum cost
B. it has a motive to increase output
C. marginal cost equals marginal revenue
D. marginal cost is less than marginal revenue

29. Tax incidence is the analysis of
A. how progressive a tax is
B. how a tax is collected
C. how distorting a tax is
D. who ultimately pays the tax

30. A shift in the production possibility frontier could result from
A. unemployment
B. changes in the combination of goods produced
C. inflation
D. changes in production techniques

Answers to Economics Question Number 21 – 30

21.C   22.C   23.E   24.B   25.D
26.B   27.E   28.A   29.D   30.D

Economics JAMB Questions and Answers 2023 [Numbers 31 – 40]

31. Capital provided by individuals to the firm by purchasing stocks is called?
A. debt capital              B. fixed capital
C. circulating capital     D. equity capital

32. A characteristic of a debenture is that?
A. its yield is based on profits
B. its yield is a fixed rate of interest
C. it has no redemption date
D. there is a voting right when interest is paid

33. The main objective of the Economic Community of West African State is to
A. establish a West African Development Bank
B. create a West African army
C. introduce a common currency for the sub-region
D. promote the free movement of persons, goods and services within the sub-region

34. An increase in the discount rate is an indication of a central bank’s intention to pursue?
A. an expansionary monetary policy
B. a disciplined monetary policy
C. a dynamic monetary policy
D. a contractionary monetary policy

35. The technical relationship between input combination and maximum attainable output is called
A. an isocost          B. an indifference curve
C. an isoquant       D. a production function

36. A discount house is a market where
A. short-term and medium-term loans are obtained
B. short-term loans are obtained
C. shares are bought and sold
D. various bills are exchanged

37. The primary function of non-bank financial institutions is to
A. grant loans to banks
B. manage investment portfolios for government
C. mobilize savings for investment
D. receive deposits from banks

38. A large standard deviation is an indication of
A. a wide spread around the mean
B. the difference between the highest and the lowest values
C. a wide difference between the mean and the mode
D. the size of the sample

39. If Nigeria’s composite price index in 1999 was 140.03% and 144.05% in 2000, the rate of inflation in 2000 was
A. 1.03%        B. 4.02%
C. 2.10%        D. 2.87%

40. The Malthusian theory of population growth is often said to be
A. pessimistic            B. optimistic
C. over-simplified      D. ambiguous

Answers to Economics Question Number 31 – 40

31.D   32.B   33.D   34.A   35.D
36.D   37.C   38.A   39.D   40.A

Read Also: 50 Most Repeated JAMB Economics Questions and Answers


So here you have the 40 Economics JAMB Past Questions for 2023. Read them again and again. Ensure that you get very familiar with each of them such that you can readily recognize them any time. That’s what revision is all about.

Remember that you can ask for more detailed explanation to any of the above questions in case you don’t fully understand it. Don’t be shy, just scroll down and use the comments section. Drop your questions and expect comprehensive answers as soon as possible.

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See you on the next article.

Read Also: Economics JAMB Questions and Answers 2024 [Revealed!]

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About Henry Divine

Henry Divine is a passionate educator and seasoned blogger with a strong commitment to providing valuable insights and resources to the education community. With over 6 years of experience in the field, Henry's articles are well-researched, authoritative, and tailored to meet the needs of teachers, students, and parents alike. Through his blog, Henry aims to empower readers with practical tips, innovative strategies, and evidence-based practices to foster lifelong learning and academic success. Follow Henry for the latest updates and expert advice on all things education.

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