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Junior WAEC 2023 Questions and Answers Civic Education PDF

This is for BECE Candidates looking for Junior WAEC 2023 Questions and Answers Civic Education. The Civic Education paper is compulsory for all candidates regardless of their school. So, here you will get genuine Junior WAEC 2023 Questions and Answers for Civic Education. Your duty now is to read through them as many times as possible and get ready to smash your paper.

Junior WAEC 2023 Questions and Answers Civic Education PDF

What are Junior WAEC 2023 Questions and Answers Civic Education?

Junior WAEC 2023 Questions and Answers are the questions you should expect in your Civic Education paper in 2023 BECE, together with their answers.

It is very important that every candidate preparing to sit for in the forthcoming 2023 BECE examination should catch a glimpse of these questions.

In so doing, they will know what to expect in the exam hall. Knowing exactly what to expect will boost their confidence and guarantee them a very high score.

Junior WAEC 2023 Civic Education Questions and Answers Revealed!

On this page, we shall reveal Junior WAEC 2023 Questions and Answers for all candidates taking the Civic Education paper.

How lucky you are to stumble upon this important page!

The questions are genuine and the answers are accurate, and all are a product of our passion to see you excel in your BECE and proceed to Senior Secondary School.

In the following sections, you will read the Civic Education questions you are to expect in your 2023 Junior WAEC exam as well as their answers. You can use the comments section if you still need clarification over some of the questions. We will give you a more detailed explanation.

BECE is a very serious and important examination. You will answer 50 questions in BECE 2023 within 2 hours. So it’s important that you pay attention to the information revealed on this page.

Junior WAEC 2023 Questions and Answers Civic Education [Numbers 1 – 10]

junior waec candidates in bece hall

1. Citizenship could be said to be….
A. being a member of a nation.        B. being a member of a club.
C. being a member of a school.        D. being a member of an NGO.

2. One of the following is not a duty of a citizen in Nigeria.
A. Obedience
B. Tax evasion
C. Defense of the nation
D. Giving evidence in law court

3. How many states were created by General Sani Abacha?
A. six                   B. ten
C. seven              D. nine

4. The three tiers of government in Nigeria are….
A. federal, executive and legislature
B. state, local government and judiciary
C. executive, legislature and judiciary
D. federal, state, local government

5. The second tier of government in Nigeria is the….
A. district            B. state
C. federal            D. Nigeria

6. One of the attributes of a bad citizen is….
A. loyalty             B. hard work
C. patriotism        D. partiality

7. Which of the following symbols is not recognized in Nigeria?
A. State religion
B. National anthem
C. Nigerian coat of arms
D. National flag

8. The limitation on the right to life can be found….
A. in the executive
B. among the people
C. in the case of convicted
D. in the government

9. The individual’s rights are usually written in the….
A. draft books           B. law books
C. constitution            D. logbooks

10. Which of the following groups of words appears on the second line of the national pledge?
A. Faith, loyal and honest
B. God, help and defend
C. Glory, loyal and honour
D. Unity, honour and glory

Answers to Question Number 1 – 10

1.A   2.B   3.A   4.D   5.B
6.D   7.A   8.C   9.C   10.A

Junior WAEC 2023 Questions and Answers Civic Education [Numbers 11 – 20]

11. The color of the Nigerian passport is….
A. yellow           B. green
C. Blue              D. black

12. ….. is not a type of leadership.
A. Traditional leadership
B. Leadership based on legality
C. Selection leadership
D. Family leadership

13. Federation can be defined as a system of government where …. among the levels of government.
A. power is shared
B. duty is shared
C. justice is shared
D. money is shared

14. Self-employment projects include the following except….
A. teaching              B. tailoring
C. carpentry             D. fashion designer

15. Nigeria operates a ……. system of government.
A. federal              B. local
C. regional            D. state

16. A group of States that are united under one federal government is called….
A. executive
B. federation
C. Local government
D. state government

17. Northern and Southern protectorates were amalgamated by….
A. Buhari Mohammed
B. Mary Slesor
C. Mongo Park
D. Sir Lord Lugard

18. What is a Federation?
A. Political structure whereby National Government has absolute power
B. Process of establishing democratic governance
C. Set of rules and principles that determine how a state should be governed
D. System of Government where the three Tiers of Government share power

19 … a formal document which contains a body of laws and rules through which the affairs of a country are governed.
A. Rule of law           B. Constitution
C. Bye-law                D. Penal code

20. One of the duties of the Nigerian Police Force is….
A. embarrassing the people
B. collect money from motorist
C. committing crime
D. curbing crime

Answers to Question Number 11 – 20

11.B   12.C   13.B   14.A   15.A
16.B   17.D   18.D   19.B   21.D

Junior WAEC 2023 Questions and Answers Civic Education [Numbers 21 – 30]

21. Law is the …. and …. contained in the constitution and serves as guide to government.
A. government and guide
B. recognized and rules
C. regulation and registration
D. rules and regulations

22. ……. branch of government is responsible for implementing laws.
A. Executives           B. Judiciary
C. Legislature           D. Public service commission

23. A voter is a person who is …. to cast vote during general elections.
A. counting               B. eligible
C. encouraging          D. ineligible

24. The chief executive of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) is called the….
A. chairman
B. director generation
C. director general
D. leader

25. The democratic way of selecting a leader is through…
A. coercion                 B. election
C. imposition              D. inheritance

26. One of these is not a need for free and fair elections?
A. Prevents loss of lives and property
B. Promotes unity in a country
C. Encourages political instability
D. It reduces cost of conducting election

27. Which head of state dissolved the electoral body NEC?
A. Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo
B. Gen. Sani Abacha
C. Gen. Ibrahim Babangida
D. Shehu Shagari

28. The full meaning of FEDECO is ________.
A. Federal Development Commission
B. Federal Electoral Commission
C. Federal Economic Development and Environmental Corporation
D. Federal Electoral and Development Commission

29. A positive behavior can be promoted in the following ways EXCEPT _________.
A. Provision of standard education
B. Creation of awareness
C. Through good leadership
D. Imposition of hard work

30. The act of belonging to an association that engage in unholy and aggressive acts and carry out their activities at night is known as ________.
A. Nepotism           B. Pirates
C. Cultism               D. Raider

Answers to Question Number 21 – 30

21.D   22.A   23.B   24.A   25.B
26.B    27.B   28.B   29.D   30.C

Junior WAEC 2023 Questions and Answers Civic Education [Numbers 31 – 40]

31. When there is a dispute in a community, members should
A. be indifferent to the issue.
B. cooperate with others.
C. leave the community entirely.
D. be resolute to their cause.

32. Community development projects can best be achieved if the people are
A. cooperative             B. religious
C. optimistic                D. knowledgeable

33. Which of the following is a major problem of the Nigerian Civil Service?
A. Neutrality           B. Red tapism
C. Impartiality        D. Anonymity

34. The civic obligation of a citizen includes
A. political socialization
B. political participation
C. engaging in family planning
D. engaging in business ventures

35. The following are goals of citizenship education except
A. preparing learners for leadership.
B. developing appropriate attitude in the learners.
C. creating job opportunities.
D. providing social amenities.

36. HIV/AIDS is spread mainly through
A. indiscriminate sexual intercourse.
B. kissing and hugging.
C. sharing toiletries with victims.
D. handshake with victims.

37. People living with HIV/AIDS could be assisted by
A. isolating them.
B. showing them love.
C. blaming them.
D. avoiding them.

38. Which of the following does not promote national consciousness?
A. Respect for the symbols and identities of the country
B. Promotion of people’s culture and tradition
C. Appropriate use of the mass media
D. Inappropriate use of state property

39. Modern countries adopt rule of law in order to make
A. lawyers independent.
B. the law supreme.
C. the judiciary part of legislature.
D. laws in parliament.

40. The habit of obeying traffic regulations helps the individual to
A. report late at work.
B. avoid an unnecessary accident.
C. be lazy at work.
D. use the unauthorized route.

Answers to Question Number 31 – 40

31.B   32.A   33.B   34.D   35.D
36.A   37.B   38.D   39.B    40.B

Read Also: 7 Strätegies to Deal with Exam Stress and Anxiety

SECTION B: Theory Questions

1. (a) Explain the meaning of Federation.
(b) State four needs for federation.

2. Write the full meaning of the following:
(i) CLO
(ii) NLC
(iii) TUC
(iv) CD

3.(a) What is the Meaning of Electoral Malpractice?
(b) Identify two ways to prevent Electoral Malpractice.

4. Write short note on the following:
i. Commitment
ii. Tolerance
iii. Obedience
iv. Fairness
v. Discipline

5. (a) Define election.
(b) State four importance of election in Nigeria


So here you have the 40 Questions you can expect in your 2023 BECE Civic Education examination. Read them again and again. Ensure that you get very familiar with each of them such that you can readily recognize them any time.

Remember that you can ask for more detailed explanation to any of the above questions in case you don’t fully understand it. Don’t be shy, just scroll down and use the comments section. Drop your questions and expect comprehensive answers as soon as possible.

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About Henry Divine

Henry Divine is a passionate educator and seasoned blogger with a strong commitment to providing valuable insights and resources to the education community. With over 6 years of experience in the field, Henry's articles are well-researched, authoritative, and tailored to meet the needs of teachers, students, and parents alike. Through his blog, Henry aims to empower readers with practical tips, innovative strategies, and evidence-based practices to foster lifelong learning and academic success. Follow Henry for the latest updates and expert advice on all things education.

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One comment

  1. please can you explain the meaning of federation?

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